White hot: Salisbury Fire Department celebrates a snowy, slushy 200th birthday
Significant years in SFD's history
• 1817: On Dec. 8, 1817, 32 residents pledge $415 to the commissioners of Salisbury “to procure an engine and other fire apparatus as they may think necessary for the safety of the town.”
• 1855: The early Salisbury fire protection effort is reorganized to become Salisbury Vigilant Fire Company, which anyone 18 or older could join.
• 1865: Stoneman’s Raid near the end of the Civil War burns the fire company’s hand wagon and hand pump on that wagon.
• 1866: The town purchases a new fire engine, replacing what Stoneman destroyed. It includes a hose carriage and 300 feet of leather hose.
In that same year, an African-American fire company was formed, consisting of about 30 men. Members were exempt from paying poll taxes in return for their service.
• 1877: The town forms a hook and ladder company with A.H. Boyden as president, and in 1881, the state incorporates Salisbury Hook and Ladder Company No. 1. Today’s fire companies are descendants of that hook and ladder company.
• 1887: The first municipal waterworks are established, including a standpipe in the 100 block of West Fisher Street that contained 250,000 gallons of water. The city installs three miles of water mains and 52 fire hydrants and begins using several horse-drawn reels. The city also purchases a fire bell, and the first person to ring the bell upon sighting a fire was paid $1.
• 1896-1900: A new Central Fire Station is built in the 100 block of South Lee Street. The building still stands, though it stopped being a fire station after 65 years.
• 1906: The department buys an American LaFrance Metropolitan Steam Pumper, “credited for saving Salisbury from a conflagration in the Empire Block of South Main Street in December 1909,” according to an SFD timeline.
• 1912: The department purchases its first motorized firetruck — an American LaFrance Type 10 Hose and Chemical. With this early truck, SFD retired two of its six horses. Also in town, an electric fire alarm system is bought and installed — 14 fire alarm boxes are wired.
• 1914: Salisbury’s first motorized hook and ladder truck is put into service.
• 1920: The first motorized pump goes into service, retiring the department’s four remaining horses.
• 1939: The department buys a Series 500 American LaFrance pumper, costing $9,000, capable of pumping 750 gallons a minute and carrying 100 gallons of water.
• 1941: The city’s first fire substation is built on South Main Street next to Chestnut Hill Cemetery for $14,000. In the same year, the city buys its first 65-foot aerial truck — an American LaFrance — for $14,500.
• 1942: The Junior Chamber of Commerce donates a Dodge rescue truck, and it becomes Salisbury Fire Department Rescue No. 1. By 1946, it is featured in Fire Engineering Magazine as one of North Carolina’s fully equipped rescue trucks.
• 1944: The Fireman’s Memorial is constructed next to then Station No. 2.
• 1957: Station No. 3 is built at 1604 W. Innes St. at a cost of $53,750.
• 1961: Capt. John Cross dies on duty at Station No. 2.
• 1965: A new Central Fire Station is constructed at 514 E. Innes St.
• 1971: Joe Jenkins, a firefighter and still a fire student at Rowan Technical College, dies while attempting a solo rescue during a house fire.
• 1973: A four-story training tower is built behind Central Fire Station.
• 1980: A new Station 2 is built 10 blocks south of the original on South Main Street.
• 1984: The Salisbury home of the late actor Sidney Blackmer is the scene of a spectacular fire.
• 1986: The department receives a 1986 Peter Pirsch, the tallest aerial truck (110 feet) in the Piedmont.
• 1989: The department begins use of an 800 MHZ trunked radio system.
• 2007: Station No. 4 is constructed on Statesville Boulevard for $700,000.
• 2008: A large fire at Salisbury Millwork leads to the death of two firemen, Vic Isler and Justin Monroe, and the serious injury of Capt. Rick Barkley.
SALISBURY — It simply summed up two centuries of service.
As Capt. Rodney Misenheimer drove the Salisbury Fire Department’s restored 1941 aerial truck to a ceremony Friday morning, a fire call came in for the Salisbury Business Center on South Main Street.
That was on Misenheimer’s direct route, and the 1941 ladder truck proved to be first on the scene.
When the alarm sounds, you respond.
The call turned out to be overcooked food, and Misenheimer easily made it in time to the unveiling of a historical marker recognizing the Salisbury Fire Department’s 200-year history.
The 1941 truck also was the first piece of apparatus in Friday’s nighttime firetruck parade through downtown Salisbury. Again, nothing was going to deter the Fire Department from holding the parade, which was not deterred by Friday’s icy mix of winter precipitation.
The weather meant only a smattering of parade onlookers, but they were diehards.
“I hate everybody’s missing it,” said Sherry Stiltner, whose son, Lt. Brantley Shanks, was on Ladder Truck No. 11. “The show must go on.”
Stiltner took in the firetruck parade with Brantley’s wife, Katie, and his sister, Aubrie Stiltner. They were tightly bundled up for the night’s freezing temperatures.
Jamie Weaver and his 10-year-old son, Ethan, were leaving a karate class down the street when they noticed the parade.
“Exciting,” Jamie Weaver said. “I’ve never seen so many firetrucks in my life. We saw it going on and couldn’t resist.”
Weaver’s only regret was that his 2-year-old son couldn’t be there to take it in.
More than 50 units were originally penciled in to participate in the anniversary parade, but Friday’s weather reduced that number to a hearty 30.
Salisbury understandably featured its heavy hardware and had all manner of vehicles — 18 in all — from rescue engines and tankers, to ladder trucks and its haz-mat trailer.
Other departments and agencies participating included Franklin (three units), Ellis Cross Country (two units), the N.C. Forest Service (two units), West Liberty, Spencer, Kannapolis, Poole Town and West Rowan.
At the front of the parade, ahead of the 1941 ladder truck, four firefighters walked in a line behind the Salisbury Fire Department banner. Each man held a helmet, representing the four firefighters Salisbury has lost over its history.
Capt. John Cross died on duty at Station No. 2 in 1961. Joe Jenkins was lost in 1971, attempting a solo rescue during a house fire. In 2008, firefighters Vic Isler and Justin Monroe perished in the Salisbury Millwork fire.
Earlier Friday morning, the Fire Department unveiled a historical marker on the site of the city’s earliest documented fire station. Despite more rain and sleet, a good-size crowd attended the marker’s debut in the middle of the 100 block of East Innes Street.
It stands at the entrance to the public parking lot on the north side. Through an informative timeline, the marker highlights some of the history of the department. The 1941 aerial truck was used to lift the covering from the marker.
A map near the marker’s top shows where a fire station is known to have stood at this same spot in 1885 and 1890, according to insurance maps from those years. The town had a population of 3,800 in 1890 and a fire department that had a double-tank chemical engine, a hook and ladder truck, three hose reels and 1,000 feet of 2.5-inch hose.
Salisbury has one of the oldest documented fire departments in the state, going back to 1817.
To put it in perspective, Salisbury residents first came together to organize and purchase firefighting equipment just 44 years after the Boston Tea Party and 44 years before the start of the Civil War.
At the morning unveiling, City Council members Tamara Sheffield and Karen Alexander were on hand in a crowd dominated by firefighters past and present. Many of the current men and women wore their dress uniforms.
Sheffield and Fire Chief Bob Parnell shared several footnotes on the department’s storied past. (See the accompanying timeline.)
In 1948, Rowan County Register of Deeds William D. Kizziah presented to the Fire Department a registered copy of the department’s originating document from 1817, when 32 residents pledged a total of $415 to purchase an engine and other equipment for the city’s fire protection.
That document is on display at the Central Fire Station on East Innes Street.
Parnell said it is likely that wherever that 1817 pledge meeting was held and recorded, it was somewhere within 1,000 feet of where the historical marker was unveiled, given the size of Salisbury at the time.
Even before 1817, some rudimentary efforts were made in Salisbury to protect life and property against fire.
In 1770, the General Assembly of the Province of North Carolina passed an act saying that every “householder” of Salisbury was required to have on his premises a ladder and leather bucket of not less than 2 gallons capacity.
According to a Fire Department history, “household standings were established by how many buckets homeowners were required to have on hand.” In 1770, there was one four-bucket home, one three-bucket home and 20 two-bucket homes in Salisbury.
By 1793, the town passed an ordinance making it unlawful to store hay, oats, straw or fodder in dwellings because of the fire hazard. The population of Salisbury then was 400.
Today, the Salisbury Fire Department includes five stations and a 74-person firefighting force, not counting seven recruits and six men and women who represent staff and chaplains.
Work on the marker began in February and was made possible by the Salisbury Fire Department (Misenheimer), Salisbury Public Art Committee (Barbara Perry), Rowan Public Library (Gretchen Witt), city employees Fern Blair, and Alyssa Nelson and Nick Denton of a Concord sign company.
After Friday night’s parade, participants were invited to Station 5 on South Main Street or coffee, hot chocolate, birthday cake and some presentations.
During the parade, Blake Misenheimer — Rodney’s son — stood near the Square taking picture of the parade and especially the 1941 aerial truck that his father was driving and had played such a big role in restoring.
“This is kind of a moment for it,” Blake Misenheimer said.
Indeed it was.
Contact Mark Wineka at 704-797-4263.